O Mundo dos Militares



Uma impressionante nova ferramenta — bem, na verdade colegas vivem me corajando fazer o teste.  Talvez chegou a hora de abandonar OmegaT em favor deste dispositivo nem tão caro assim.

Vamos traduzir trechos do um artigo recente, PT>EN-US

CNV due to investigate textbooks at military schools
By Lair Amaro

Historical omissions mark books used in military schools.

Textbooks used to teach Brazilian history in military schools omit information essential to the understanding of certain episodes of the military dictatorship (1964-1985).

Narrating the 1964 «revolution», for example, one volume of the Trompowsky Marshal collection argues that the coup d’etat was promoted and carried out by moderate, law-abiding groups.

The book goes on to say that the Congress declared the Presidency vacant before choosing general Castello Branco as president, not long after the coup. It omits the fact that the deposed president had not fled the jurisdiction and was still in Brazil.

Another book, «500 years of History of Brazil», says that the Guerrilla of the Araguaia (1972-1975) was defeated “when its leaders fled,” ignoring the executions and disappearance captured by the Army.

Brazil has 12 military academies. Each offers 6 years of elementary schooling of basic education and 3 years middle school education and have 14,000 students, many of them children of military personnel.

The coordinator of the National Truth Commission, Claude Fonteles, affirmed that these textbooks could be targeted for recommendations by the commission, which was instituted to investigation human rights abuses during the dictatorship.

“This is a proper subject for inclusion in our recommendations,” Fonteles said. It is necessary to respect the autonomy of the military schools, but schools cannot simply ignore the curricula adopted by other schools, both public and private schools.

UFRJ history professor Carlos Fico says the government should promote a general inspection and reform of military school curricula. “We know nothing about how the the schools for officers are run, says Fico. It is not a military issue. It directly affects public safety.
The National Association of History intends to ask the Ministries of Education and Defense to evaluate textbooks adopted in the military schools.

Editorial Reply

In a note, the Ministry of the Education said that it cannot interfere with the curriculum of military schools. For its part, the Ministry of the Defense informed that it only monitors the curriculum of institutions dedicated to officers and enlisted men.

Gen. Jose Carlos Dos Santos — curator of the Marshal Trompowsky collection and commander of the Army’ DEPA training program — had no comment and suggested that further questions be addressed to the press relations office of the Army.
In a note of its own, the Army informed that it had cost three years of research to produce the standard curriculum and that its textbook are reviewed annually, but declined to answer specific questions.